Moreton Bay Chestnut, Australian Chestnut, Black Bean, Lucky Bean
Castanospermum australe is closely related to the Sensitive Plant (Mimosa pudica) but not to the Chestnuts. The native to Australia tree belongs to the bean family (Fabaceae). In its natural habitat it reaches a height of 40 metres.
Christmas Star, Poinsettia
The Poinsettia or Christmas Star (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is the most popular winter flowering indoor plant not only here in Germany. There are many cultivars with white, yellow, green or multicoloured bracts available.
The genus Platycerium contains approx. 18 members but only a few of them are used as indoor plants. They are native to the tropical regions of South America, Africa, South East Asia, Australia and New Guinea. Some of them grow epiphytic (sitting on trees) or lithophytic (on rocks).
The most popular species is the commonly known as Staghorn Fern or Elk Horn Fern Platycerium bifurcatum.
The genus Tillandsia belongs to the Bromeliad family and contains approx. 400 members of which the Pink Quill (Tillandsia cyanea) is the most commonly cultivated species. The native to Ecuador plant grows epiphytic (sitting on trees). Its purple flowers emerge from the pink to red colored bracts and can be produced for 1 to 3 months.
Poison or German Primrose
The genus Primula belongs to the Primulaceae family and contains more than 400 species. Primula obconia is commonly known as the Poison or German Primrose and is available in a wide range of blooming colors. All plant parts are containing the allergen primin, which can cause skin irritation.
There are several plants commonly known as Amaryllis. Usually this name refers to the members of the genus Hippeastrum. But there is a “true” Amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna), which is also known as Belladonna Lily. They are all belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family.
Christmas Cactus, Holiday Cactus
What is sold under the common names Christmas Cactus, Thanksgiving Cactus or Holiday Cactus are mostly hybrids (crossings) based on Schlumbergera truncata. There are many cultivars available, flowering from white to yellow, orange, red, pink or bicolor.
Saintpaulia is a member of the Gesneriaceae family and contains approx. 6 members, native to Africa (e. g. Kenya, Tanzania). Because of their similarity with the true Violets (Viola) they are commonly known as African Violets.
The most common member of the genus is Saintpaulia ionantha of which a lot of cultivars are available, e. g. with variegated leaves and a wide range of blooming colors.
Zamioculcas, Aroid Palm, ZZ Palm
Zamioculcas zamiifolia has a lot of common names such as Aroid or ZZ Palm, Zanzibar Gem but is best known as the Zamioculcas. The native to Africa (Kenya, South Africa) plant is the only member of its genus wich belongs to the araceae family.
The genus Ophiopogon is a member of the Asparagaceae family and contains approx. 65 species. The native to Japan and Korea Ophiopogon jaburan has several common names such as Aztec or Mondo Grass, Giant or White Ilyturf, Snake Beard. It is available with green or white variegated leaves.